Use the 5S continuous improvement methodology where the 5S stands for:
Setting in order
The S's of safety, security and satisfaction can also be included, but they are not a part of the traditional 5S.
Lean process improvement is another widely used system for continuous improvement.
It uses various methods to eliminate waste, which lead to improvement in the efficiency of processes.
The seven types of waste Lean targets are:
Developed by Toyota, Lean has been used by top businesses world over with immense success.
Lean Six Sigma combines the benefits of Lean and Six Sigma.
A popular methodology for increasing process productivity, it has five phases:
These phases are adopted to improve processes through Six Sigma while reducing waste through Lean.
Process management system is used to make the outcome of processes predictable, efficient, effective and adaptable.
For that purpose, tools such as DMAIC (explained below) are used.
The primary step in process management is to identify and select business processes that require improvement.
To optimise a process, data-driven approach of DMAIC is used.
DMAIC stands for – Define, Measure, Analyse, Improve and Control.
These steps in problem-solving ensure that errors are removed and not repeated so that continuous improvement can be achieved.
DMAIC is a part of Six Sigma methodology widely used for process improvement and quality enhancement.
Certification in Six Sigma has a hierarchal system of belts.
From the bottom up, it starts with White Belt, Yellow Belt, Green Belt, Black Belt and Master Black Belt.
Each level of certification holds specific responsibilities.
For e.g. Black Belts are project team leaders and facilitators
who resolve problems with support from Champions and Master Black Belts.
Poka-Yoke is a Japanese term that means 'mistake-proofing'.
A popularly used device for preventing and repeating mistakes,
this philosophy involves using the design or function of a system to prevent errors.
For example, a USB cable can only be inserted from the correct side up.
In manufacturing, power guards are used on machines to prevent accidents,
as they disallow the opening of the machine until its moving parts have stopped completely.
Process mapping or flowcharting is a visual representation of
the tasks, activities, duties and procedures to be followed to reach a goal.
This visual overview of the process helps team members to understand their roles and responsibilities,
and those of the others in the team.
It also enables them to discover problem areas, and where different roles and tasks are interdependent.
Project Selection Process (PSP) is used to create high impact projects.
PSP involves identifying the opportunities and problem areas in an organisation.
The result of the findings helps the management to create projects that use opportunities while avoiding/resolving problem areas.
Supply Chain Management is the management of the movement of goods/services from the manufacturer to the consumer.
The five stages of Supply Chain Management are:
The understanding of these stages helps to keep a consistent flow of the goods/services thereby meeting customer demand and expectation continuously.